Have you ever heard of the separation between church and state? In the middle ages this did not exist yet. The Pope was more powerful than the emperor.
History is shaped by discoveries and reforms. But there is only one period that can be called the time of the explorers and reformers.
The Pope is very powerful. But back in history, his power was much greater. Did you know that the Netherlands had to fight its way free from the Catholics?
Exploring the world without a map in a wooden boat was a huge challenge. The Dutch from the era of the golden age took on this challenge.
In the era of the golden age there was a displacement of power. The church had had the most power for a long time. Now the citizens were allowed to rule.
Now you learn at home and at school that you have to form your own opinion. In the past, this was often punished. History was changed by the 18th century philosophers.
Have you ever thought about what it means to be a citizen? From the 19th century onwards, civil rights became more and more civil rights. Unfortunately not everyone.
What do you do if an idea doesn't work? Then you come up with a new idea. In the era of the world wars, they sought an alternative to democracy.
An economic crisis erupted in 2009. A lot of people looked back in history. People were afraid of a crisis like the 1930s.
The cold war. After the Second World War we have always been afraid of a 3rd world war. For years there was a real threat of a world war.