(1894-1946), Dutch politician. At the end of 1931 he founded the 'National Socialist Movement' (NSB) with Van Geelkerken, of which he became 'general leader'. In the mid-1930s, the NSB had quite a lot of influence; in the 1935 state elections, it won 8% of the vote. Then the popularity of the NSB dropped. At that time, a change of course took place: the NSB and its leader focused more on Hitler and less on Mussolini. In May 1940, Mussert went into hiding and prevented internment. After the Dutch capitulation, he immediately declared his willingness to cooperate with the occupiers. Repeatedly but in vain he proposed hitler to form one state from the Netherlands, Belgium and northern France, of which he would be the leader; this state would form part of a new Europe under German hegemony. On December 12, 1941, Mussert took a personal oath of allegiance to Hitler. In 1942 he was appointed 'leader of the Dutch people', a meaningless title. He resisted a movement inside and outside the NSB to allow the Netherlands to blend into the German Empire. As recently as early 1945, he disbarded important supporters of this direction, namely Van Geelkerken and Rost van Tonningen, from the NSB. In general, Mussert did not play a prominent role in the war; his actions were usually limited to calls to the Dutch people to join volunteer legions who fought on the Eastern Front. On 7 May 1945, Mussert was arrested; He was sentenced to death and fused to death for treason, treason, treason and aid to the enemy.