Hitler's autobiography and political-ideological testament. He wrote the first part of this work from April to December 1924 in the Landsberg fortress, where he served only this period of a 5-year prison sentence for his (failed) putsch against the Bavarian government in Munich on 8 November 1923. In 1926 the second volume, 'The National Socialist Movement', was published. The standard edition of 'Mein Kampf' published in 1930 contained both parts. In the first part, he dealt with his childhood in Austria, which he called a state weakened by Jews and Marxism, where he became an ardent anti-Semite. He further fulminated against academic studies and parliamentary democracy, arguing that the German people could only regain their racial identity and supremacy in Europe through one god-given leadership, after which the 'Lebensraum' had to search for eastern Europe. The Jews, who he said were the parasites, seducers and traitors of the German people and were to blame for the defeat of the Centrals in 1918, had to be completely banished. In the second part of Mein Kampf, many of his arguments were repeated and/or extended, with a special emphasis on the importance of strong oratorical qualities and on the role of the SA. This movement within the structure of the NSDAP he designed was to respond by force to the violence of the Communist side.